There are methods that are used to extract the hair roots from the donor part of the scalp in order to implant the same into the affected balding part of the scalp. The technique used in the hair transplant procedure is categorized into two types, namely, the FUT hair transplant and the FUE hair transplant. The hair transplant technique is primarily used to obtain the needed number of grafts to fulfil the need of the recipient balding part of the scalp.
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First and foremost, it is important to know what the FUT and FUE technique is and how it caters the process of extraction in the hair transplant procedure.
The FUT Hair Transplant: The FUT or the follicular unit transplant is the process of hair root extraction involves the strip excision from the safe donor part of the scalp, i.e., the back and sides of the scalp that are usually DHT-resistant means the roots never shows the effect of miniaturization or hair loss. However, the roots obtained through the FUT method give the best permanent results of the procedure. After taking the strip in the FUT technique the next step is of hair root dissection in which every single graft is dissected under the higher magnification of microscopes such as 20x and 40x helps in obtaining the viable grafts without even a single chance of damages. The further step of the implantation, these viable grafts are implanted carefully with respect to the defined angle and direction of the hair roots.
How the best Quality of Grafts is extracted in the FUT Technique is described below:
Since the grafts extracted through the strip excision, the grafts contain the supportive tissues that are further dissected under the higher magnification of microscopes helps in keeping the grafts saved from the unwanted desiccation and the damages. The layered grafts with the tissue help in preserving the grafts when these are out the body so it maintains the viability of the grafts till the implantation completed. These viable grafts are more demanding in the procedure as the implantation process is only done with the viable grafts that fulfil the surgical demand in the procedure.
The best quality of graft extraction is only possible with the strip method or the FUT technique of the procedure as the grafts are not directly extracted and strip excision at play to determine the survival of the same. The protective tissue surrounding the grafts helps in keeping it viable and avoids the possibility of mechanical injury. However, the best number of grafts can be obtained via the FUT technique of the procedure.
The FUE Hair Transplant: The FUE or the follicular unit extraction is the process of graft extraction performed via the use of punching machine or tool to extract every single graft at a single time. The random punching processes are allowed to extract the roots, which is free from the exact angle and direction of the hair roots and the surgeon/doctor applies their speculation ability to identify the position of the grafts while extraction. However, there is a greater chance of graft damages as it directly obtained one-by-one causes heavy transections in rate during the extraction process.
Graft quality can be compromised in the FUE Extraction:
Yes, it is all possible that extracted graft in the FUE technique might get damaged due to wrong angle and direction while extraction. The splaying effect, wrong angle and direction is the main factor in causing the hair root damage in the FUE since the forecasting sense is applied for deciding the root position and thus it causes the root transection. However, it is quite difficult to obtain a greater number of grafts to fulfil the need for a higher grade of baldness.
On the whole, we can that the procedure of hair transplant only gets successful if the chosen technique is right as according to the available donor state as well as the present status of the recipient balding part of the scalp.